- The United States vs. Private Chelsea Manning
- The United States vs. Pvt. Chelsea Manning #1 (Issue) - User Reviews
- Chelsea Manning
- ISBN 13: 9781939293275
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The United States vs. Private Chelsea Manning
Chelsea Manning was in the news, first as a whistleblower, then for her sex change while in prison. Now the artwork is a graphic novel, and a travelling exhibition. Report a Problem. Before you submit an error, please consult our Troubleshooting Guide. Your report has been successfully submitted. Thank you for helping us improve PBS Video. Ministers of Apollo: Historical Reenactors.
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The United States vs. Pvt. Chelsea Manning #1 (Issue) - User Reviews
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Creating an account is free and gets you: Access to High-Definition streaming A personal area on the site where you can access: Favorite Shows Watchlist Viewing History Early access to exciting new features. Investigators said Manning had also left computer trails of Google and Intelink searches, and of using Wget to download documents.
They testified that they had found , State Department cables on a computer Manning had used between November and May ; , U. They also said they had recovered an exchange from May between Manning and Eric Schmiedl, a Boston mathematician, in which Manning had admitted to being the source of the Baghdad helicopter attack "Collateral Murder" video.
Johnson said he found a text file called wl-press. The file was created on November 30, , and gave the contact detail in Iceland for WikiLeaks. He said he also recovered 14—15 pages of encrypted chats, in unallocated space on Manning's MacBook's hard drive, between Manning and someone believed to be Julian Assange, using the Adium instant messaging client.
The MacBook's log-in password was found to be the encryption key. Two of the chat handles, which used the Berlin Chaos Computer Club 's domain ccc. These items have already been sanitized of any source identifying information. You might need to sit on this information for 90 to days to figure out how best to send and distribute such a large amount of data to a large audience and protect the source. This is possibly one of the most significant documents of our time, removing the fog of war and revealing the true nature of 21st century assymmetric warfare.
Have a good day. Johnson said there had been two attempts to delete material from the MacBook. The operating system was re-installed in January , and on or around January 31 an attempt was made to erase the hard drive by doing a " zero-fill ," which involves overwriting material with zeroes. This process was started, cancelled, then started again with a single pass. The material was recovered after the overwrite attempts from unallocated space.shop.reborn.mk/el-capital-del-mar-negro.php
The defense named 48 people it wanted to appear on Manning's behalf. Clinton had said that the diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks "did not represent significant consequences to foreign policy. Under the Uniform Code of Military Justice UCMJ , a superior officer in the chain of command is prohibited from saying or doing anything that could influence any decision by a subordinate in how to handle a military justice matter.
Obama's statement was later echoed by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin Dempsey , who said "We're a nation of laws. He did violate the law.
ISBN 13: 9781939293275
Manning's lawyers argued that the government had overstated the harm the release of the documents had caused, and had overcharged Manning in order to obtain evidence against Assange. They suggested that other people had had access to Manning's workplace computer, and under cross-examination Shaver acknowledged that some of the 10, cables on Manning's personal computer did not match cables published by WikiLeaks.
Coombs asked for the dismissal of any charge related to the use of unauthorized software, arguing that Manning's unit had been "lawless The defense also raised the issue of whether Manning's gender identity disorder had affected Manning's judgment. Manning had e-mailed master sergeant, Paul Adkins, in April to say she was suffering from gender confusion and, despite then living as a man, attaching a photograph of herself dressed as a woman.
After Manning's arrest, the army found information about hormone replacement therapy in her room, and Manning's commander, Captain Steven Lim, learned that she had been calling herself Breanna. Defense lawyers argued that the superiors had failed to provide adequate counseling, and had not taken disciplinary action or revoke Manning's security clearance.
They also suggested that the " don't ask, don't tell " policy—which was repealed in September —had made it difficult for Manning to serve in the army as a gay man. After the hearing, in January , Coombs filed a request to depose six witnesses, whose names were redacted in the application, and who are believed to have been involved in classifying the leaked videos.
Coombs argues that the videos were not classified at the time they were obtained by WikiLeaks.
An Article 39  hearing was convened on April 24, , during which the judge, Colonel Denise Lind, denied a defense motion to dismiss the charge of aiding the enemy, and ruled that the government must be able to show that Manning knew the enemy would be able to access information on the WikiLeaks site. Lind said she would decide after reading the documents whether to make them available to Manning's lawyers. She also ordered forensic imaging of five computers removed from Manning's work station that had not yet been wiped clean.
The next Article 39 hearing was set for June 6—8 and trial was set for September The Center for Constitutional Rights filed a petition in May asking the Army Court of Criminal Appeals to order press and public access to motion papers, orders, and transcripts. On September 19, , Manning's attorneys filed a motion to dismiss all charges with prejudice , arguing that Manning had been unable to obtain a speedy trial.
On February 28, , Manning pleaded guilty to 10 of the 22 specified charges. Military judge Colonel Denise Lind accepted the guilty pleas, for which Manning could face up to 20 years in prison. Manning did not plead guilty to the most significant charge of aiding the enemy. Manning acknowledged having provided archives of military and diplomatic files to WikiLeaks. Manning read a statement recounting how she joined the military, became an intelligence analyst in Iraq, decided that certain files should become known to the American public to prompt a wider debate about foreign policy, downloaded them from a secure computer network and then ultimately uploaded them to WikiLeaks.
When the judge asked Manning to explain how she could admit that her actions were wrong, Manning replied, "Your Honor, regardless of my opinion or my assessment of documents such as these, it's beyond my pay grade—it's not my authority to make these decisions about releasing confidential files. Manning put the files on a camera digital storage card and took it home on a leave in early Manning then decided to give the files to a newspaper, first calling The Washington Post.
Next, The New York Times was contacted and an unanswered voice mail message was left. In January , Manning called the public editor's line at Bloomberg News , but got no response. Manning then copied the files and uploaded them to WikiLeaks, through its website, using a directory the group designated as a "cloud drop box" server. Manning was frustrated that WikiLeaks did not publish files about 15 people who printed "anti-Iraqi" pamphlets.
After uploading the files, Manning was engaged in more online conversations with someone from WikiLeaks, who Manning thought was a senior figure, like Julian Assange. In retrospect, Manning described the relationship as "artificial. Army Trial Judiciary, 1st Judicial Circuit. Opening for the prosecution, Captain Joe Morrow accused Manning of having "harvested" hundreds of thousands of documents from secure networks, then making them available within hours to the US's enemies by dumping them on the Internet: "This is a case about what happens when arrogance meets access to classified information," he said.
Manning was reportedly disturbed by her comrades' lack of sympathy upon later learning that an Iraqi civilian had been killed in the incident. Coombs said that by releasing material she felt the public should see, Manning had hoped to make a difference. Manning additionally believed that much of the information she released was "already basically in the public domain," and that it was of historical importance.